How to predict the impact of inflation on installment loans
People who grew up in a time of dramatic economic change find it very difficult to adjust to today’s harsh reality.
Inflation has raised prices at least by the dozen. It also drastically influenced the price of the loan application. In order to know the cost of a loan and the one-time down payments, borrowers need to know how inflation works when it comes to paying off the loan.
What is an installment loan?
An installment loan is a financial contract between the lender and the borrower. The borrower applies for a loan, the lender offers the loan at a specified interest, and the borrower collects the loan and repays the loan amount over a specified period in fixed regular installments. The loan term varies from several months to over a year.
Predicting how the installments may increase in size is a task for the borrower. If the task is difficult, the borrower can seek help from a financial advisor or gather information online. The blog named Fit My Money reviews installment loans with lenders and rates to compare for free.
How inflation interacts with interest
Some experts advise saving inflation-adjusted installment loan dollars in order to save money and pay off the loan faster. This strategy sometimes fails because the borrower does not take interest into account. To understand how inflation will affect loan payments, you need to know the rate of inflation and choose a variable or fixed interest rate.
Fixed payments are payments of the same amount each month over the life of the loan. The variable one can have interest changed accordingly with the changes in inflation.
If a person applies for a personal loan with fixed payments, it can have a good influence on their lending experience as they will know what the repayments will look like and the exact amount they will repay by the end of the loan term. .
In this case, it also means that the inflation-adjusted fixed payment loans will cost less (when inflation rises, the payments are worthless). In addition, wages increase with inflation, so the borrower now has more money to cover the loan.
However, when inflation works to the advantage of the borrower, interest rates normally fall. And low interest rates can cause people to borrow more than they can afford and force them to borrow money irresponsibly. And really, in June 2020, 20% of Americans who took out personal loans were unsure of their resources to repay the loan.
People still need financial help. Figures for 2020 show that the number of personal loan applications increased from 3.58% (April 2020) to 6.15% (May 2020). In terms of inflation, borrowers may find that personal loans are now allowed on larger amounts. Average personal loan debt fell from $ 8,618 to $ 9,025 based on 2020 data.
Variable rate loans versus inflation
In the case of variable interest rates, when inflation rises, interest usually follows. Variable rate loans are more preferred by lenders because they can offset inflation. Lenders always take changes in inflation into account when issuing the loan in order to make a profit.
Borrowers also need to consider what kind of money they will need to put in the down payment when inflation hits. If the terms of the loan do not provide for it, the borrower may default and not repay the loan.
In addition, most loans are not protected against inflation. On the other hand, once interest rates have risen, they will not follow if inflation falls. In order to protect their assets, the borrower and the lender can agree on a limit of the height of the rate.
The borrower might be able to set a limit such as a certain amount of money on the principal interest or a percentage difference from the original interest rate. The national prime rate will be adjusted for inflation, so the lender will also be protected.
How to calculate the effect of inflation on a loan
The impact of inflation on existing loans varies between fixed and variable rate loans.
Say you want to take out a loan to buy a car. The interest rate is fixed and amounts to 6.25%. This percentage, for example, translates into a monthly payment of $ 225. At the start of a loan, the national prime rate was 5%.
Inflation rises and the Federal Reserve cuts the prime rate to 6% over a two-year period. The loan is only 0.25% above the national prime rate. In reality, the borrower is spending a little less on maturities than before. The $ 225 of a year ago is no longer worth anything. The income has increased according to the inflation and the borrower even has money available for the repayment of the loan.
The low rate of inflation while the loan is still active makes $ 225 worth less than before and the borrower’s budget is now more strapped than before. The lender is favored here because he earns more (the prime rate has come down to 4.5% and the borrower does not pay 2.25% above the average prime rate. If the same loan request were to occur today the lender would offer a lower interest rate.
To remedy the situation and repay the expected amount of money, the borrower can apply for loan refinancing and update it to national averages. Refinancing will save money, but it must be agreed with the lender.
In reality, if the borrower asks for a thousand dollar loan, the real interest rate is 8% and the inflation rate is 3%, the loan interest rate is the sum of these two aspects. In the end, with the inflation rate influencing the loan, the interest rate will be 11%.
The question of the influence of inflation on the borrowing rate is clear. The only question that remains is whether it is more lucrative to apply for a fixed installment loan or an adjustable installment loan and that is what the borrower must decide for himself.
Disclaimer: This is a sponsored article in conjunction with Fit My Money. The information we publish has been obtained or is based on sources which we believe to be accurate and complete. If you are unsure of an investment decision, you should consult a professional financial adviser.